Articles by Taxonomic Group

Contribution to the study of Agrocybe pediades complex (Agaricales) in Russia based on nrITS sequences
Ekaterina F. Malysheva & Anna A. Kiyashko
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 115–124 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550667
Published online: 13 December 2011
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Agrocybe pediades is a rather widespread species mentioned in many Russian regional check-lists. However, there is no agreement among different authors concerning the volume of this species. Some of them recognize single polymorphic species A. pediades with several intraspecies groups. In this case Agrocybe arenicola, A. semiorbicularis and A. subpediades are accepted as synonyms of A. pediades. Under another above-listed species are considered as a group of close but separate taxa. In this research the representatives of A. pediades species complex collected in different parts of Russia have been studied using both molecular and morphological techniques. The analysis of nrITS1-5.8-ITS2 regions has revealed one large well supported clade consisting of specimens labeled before this study as Agrocybe arenicola, A. pediades, A. semiorbicularis and A. subpediades. This clade was characterized by the absence of the reliable morphological differences between included collections. The obtained results correspond to the wide species concept of A. pediades. Several small subclades have been also revealed inside the main clade. Most of them were inconstant with low bootstrap support in NJ, MP and ML analyses. They were shown to belong presumably to A. pediades var. pediades. One subclade recovered in all analyses with high bootstrap support was characterized by some distinct morphological features and was considered afterwards as a new variety of A. pediades – var. bispora. Therefore, all known so far Russian collections belong to A. pediades var. pediades and A. pediades var. bispora.

Agrocybe pediades complex, morphology, new variety, nrITS sequences, phylogenetic analysis, Russia
New records of fungi, fungus-like organisms, and slime moulds from Europe and Asia: 20–27
Cvetomir M. (comp.) Denchev
Mycologia Balcanica 7: 117–123 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550322
Published online: 14 January 2011
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Synnemacrodictys stilboidea on Ailanthus altissima and Juniperus chinensis is recorded for the first time from Korea and Asia. Occurrence of Diplodia subtecta on Acer palmatum, Melanconis aucta on Alnus glutinosa, and Microbotryum stellariae on Stellaria graminea is reported from Bulgaria. Records of three larger basidiomycetes are given as new for Ukraine (Cantharellus amethysteus) and Bulgaria (Sarcodon joeides and Pluteus salicinus). A new Turkish record of a myxomycete, Physarum perfectum, is also presented.

Acer palmatum, Ailanthus altissima, Alnus glutinosa, Bulgaria, Cantharellus amethysteus, Diplodia subtecta, Juniperus chinensis, Korea, Melanconis aucta, Microbotryum stellariae, myxomycetes, Physarum perfectum, Pluteus salicinus, Sarcodon joeides, Stellaria graminea, Synnemacrodictys stilboidea, Turkey, Ukraine
A contribution to the study of fungi associated with Cistus spp. in the Sierra Calderona Nature Reserve, Castellón–Valencia, Spain. II
Miguel Torrejón
Mycologia Balcanica 6: 111–122 (2009)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550041
Published online: 30 December 2009
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Fifty-eight species and seven varieties of fungi and one protozoan associated with Cistus spp. have been collected and studied in the Sierra Calderona Nature Reserve, Castellón–Valencia, Spain. Significant diagnostic characteristics are given for some of them. Several species that belong to Myxomycota, anamorphic fungi and Basidiomycota are of special interest: Agrocybe ochracea, Cladosporium tenuisimum, Cortinarius scobinaceus var. volvatus, var. nov., Entoloma malenconii, Gymnopus lanipes, Hebeloma plesiocistum, Inocybe amblyspora, I. splendens, Inocybe cf. squarrosa, Lindbladia tubulina, Lyophyllum cistophilum, Melanoleuca polioleuca, M. subpulverulenta, Panaeolina foenisecii, Tomentellopsis pusilla and Tulostoma macrocephalum.

fungi associated with Cistus spp., Spain
Contribution to the study of hypogeous fungi of Castellón, Spain. III
Miguel Torrejón
Mycologia Balcanica 6: 61–65 (2009)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548855
Published online: 28 August 2009
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Fourteen species of hypogeous fungi have been collected and studied in the province of Castellón in Spain. Significant diagnostic characters are given for some of them. Several species that belong to the Basidiomycota are of special interest: Alpova microsporus, Hymenogastser bulliardii, H. hessei, H. luteus, H. lycoperdineus, H. muticus, H. niveus and Protoglossum aromaticum (= Hymenogaster remyi).

Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, hypogeous fungi, Spain
The effects of some environmental parameters on mycelial growth of two ectomycorrhizal fungi, Tricholoma caligatum and Morchella angusticeps
Erbil Kalmış & Fatih Kalyoncu
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 115–118 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548617
Published online: 23 December 2008
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A comparative evaluation was conducted to assess the effects of some environmental parameters such as pH, type of carbon source and temperature on the mycelial growth of two species of ectomycorrhizal fungi, Tricholoma caligatum and Morchella angusticeps. All carbon sources were found to be equally beneficial for mycelial growth. However fructose and sucrose were better sources of nitrogen. Maximum mycelial growth in Petri dishes was achieved at 25 °C after 8 and 20 days for T. caligatum and M. angusticeps respectively. Growth was reduced significantly below 15 °C and above 35 °C. Different pH levels (4.5 to 8.0) markedly affected the mycelial growth of the fungi.

ectomycorrhiza, Morchella angusticeps, mycelial growth, Tricholoma caligatum
Identification of Armillaria species on different hosts from Iran
S.A.R. Dalili, S.G. Nanagulyan & S.V. Alavi
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 119–122 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548632
Published online: 23 December 2008
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Thirty five isolates of Armillaria were obtained from 15 different host species in fruit orchards and forest regions of Iran. In order to identify species, diploid and haploid cultures were paired with two or three known haploid tester isolates from each intersterile group. Sexual compatibility was evaluated after 6 to 8 weeks based on changes in morphology of haploid colonies from white, with aerial mycelium (fluffy) to brownish, without aerial mycelium (crustose). Citrus aurantium and Abies alba were identified as new hosts of Armillaria mellea; Carpinus betulus was identified as a new host of Armillaria gallica in Iran, which previously has been reported from Serbia and Montenegro. Armillaria spp. isolated from Diospyros lotus, Carpinus betulus, and Alnus subcordata, were not compatible with any tester strains. Diospyros lotus, Citrus aurantium, and Abies alba were new hosts of Armillaria spp. from Iran.

Armillaria, compatibility test, Iran, isolates, hosts
New records of Agaricus (Agaricaceae) for Bulgaria
Maria Lacheva
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 123–128 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548639
Published online: 23 December 2008
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The current article presents information about six species of Agaricus recorded for the first time from Bulgaria: A. albosericeus, A. fissuratus, A. maskae, A. moelleri, A. pseudopratensis, and A. tenuivolvatus.

Agaricus, Bulgaria, chorological data, conservation value
The hypogeous fungi from Sicily (southern Italy): new additions
Alessandro Saitta, Maria L. Gargano, Marco Morara, Mirko Ilice & Giuseppe Venturella
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 147–152 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548806
Published online: 23 December 2008
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The distribution and ecology of forty hypogeous fungi from Sicily (southern Italy) is here pointed out. Hysterangium stoloniferum, Protoglossum aromaticum, Sclerogaster compactus and Tuber maculatum are reported as new records from Sicily. Gymnomyces xanthosporus and Melanogaster umbrinigleba are also new for Italy.

distribution, ecology, hypogeous fungi, Sicily
Agaricus species from Greece
Stephanos Diamandis & Charikleia Perlerou
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 33–37 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548449
Published online: 30 May 2008
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The genus Agaricus includes saprotrophic species occurring in a variety of ecosystems. Most of them, however, are confined to grasslands. Forty one taxa have been recorded in Greece to date. Some species, although heavily picked for their gastronomic value, seem to appear in abundance while others, which are inedible, seem to be infrequent or rare. As in recent years grass and pasturelands in Greece have been included in “improvement programmes” and subjected to the use of fertilizers, there is concern about the disturbance caused to the habitats of the Agaricus species and consequent changes in the fungal biodiversity. It is obvious that further research on the ecology and particularly the factors governing the fruiting and spreading of Agaricus species is necessary before any concrete conclusions are reached and any conservation measures are imposed.

Agaricus, conservation, frequency, fungal biodiversity, Greece
The second European record of Entoloma exiguum
Mykola P. Prydiuk
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 73–74 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548506
Published online: 30 May 2008
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Data are presented on the second record in Europe of Entoloma exiguum. A full description and illustration of the Ukrainian collection, as well as information about its habitat are provided.

Agaricales, Entoloma, subgenus Claudopus
The genus Cystolepiota (Agaricaceae, Basidiomycetes) in Israel
Anush Kosakyan, Marina Didukh, Solomon P. Wasser & Eviatar Nevo
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 83–86 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548522
Published online: 30 May 2008
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The genus Cystolepiota is new for Israel. In Israel it is represented by two species: Cystolepiota bucknallii and C. moelleri. Locations, dates of collections in Israel, general distribution, detailed macro- and micromorphological descriptions and illustrations are given.

Asia, biodiversity, Cystolepiota, taxonomy
A new record of Entoloma occultipigmentatum var. cystidiatum from Italy
Eliseo Battistin & Norberto Righetto
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 91–92 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548571
Published online: 30 May 2008
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Entoloma occultipigmentatum var. cystidiatum, a very rare taxon known only from two, Austrian localities, is reported as new for Italy and the Mediterranean region and compared with similar taxa.

Entoloma, Entoloma occultipigmentatum var. cystidiatum, Mediterranean region, taxonomy
Genus Chamaemyces (Agaricaceae) in Israel
Marina Ya. Didukh, Solomon P. Wasser & Eviatar Nevo
Mycologia Balcanica 1: 89–94 (2004)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2546695
Published online: 30 November 2004
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The species of the genus Chamaemyces present in Israel and their distribution are considered. Detailed data on Chamaemyces fracidus var. pseudocastaneus, new to Israel’s mycobiota, and Ch. carmelensis M. Didukh et S. Wasser, sp. nov. are presented.

Chamaemyces, Israel, taxonomy
New species of the genus Agaricus (Agaricaceae) for Bulgaria
Maria N. Lacheva & Georgi T. Stoichev
Mycologia Balcanica 1: 35–40 (2004)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2545780
Published online: 09 February 2004
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The current article presents data about seven species of Agaricus, new for Bulgaria, A. deylii, A. impudicus, A. leucotrichus, A. maleolens, A. mediofuscus, A. spissicaulis, and A. subfloccosus. The specimens were collected from the Forebalkan, Toundzha Hilly Country, Pirin Mts, Mt Sredna Gora, and the Western Rhodopes.

Agaricus, Bulgaria, macromycetes, new records, taxonomy