Articles by Taxonomic Group

New data on hypogeous fungi from Greece with special reference to Wakefieldia macrospora (Hymenogastraceae, Agaricales) and Geopora clausa (Pyronemataceae, Pezizales)
Vasileios Kaounas, Boris Assyov & Pablo Alvarado
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 105–113 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550663
Published online: 13 December 2011
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This work provides new information about five interesting and uncommon hypogeous fungi from Greece – Balsamia vulgaris, Geopora clausa, Hydnocystis piligera, Sclerogaster compactus and Wakefieldia macrospora. Descriptions of the five species are included based upon Greek collections, accompanied by colour macro- and microphotographs, and molecular data of four of them. On the basis of molecular results, the genus Wakefieldia seems to be closely related to Hebeloma in the Hymenogastraceae, while Geopora clausa appears to be related to Geopora in the Pyronemataceae.

Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes, Boletales, Geastrales, ITS – LSU
New records of microfungal genera from Mt. Strandzha in Bulgaria (south-eastern Europe). II
Elşad Hüseyin, Faruk Selçuk & Ali S. Bülbül
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 157–160 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550707
Published online: 13 December 2011
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Twenty species of ascomycetous and anamorphic fungi from twenty genera are reported for the first time from Mt. Strandzha in Bulgaria.

Pezizomycotina, anamorphic fungi, Bulgaria, fungal diversity, Mt. Strandzha
Endangered desert truffles in Egypt and neighbouring Arab countries, with further notes on their distribution
A.H. Moubasher
Mycologia Balcanica 7: 59–64 (2010)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550187
Published online: 03 November 2010
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In a brief review of hypogeous ascomycetes occurring in desert regions of the Mediterranean, Middle East, north Africa, and adjacent countries, the food value, cultivation possibilities, mycorrhizal associations, and conservation status of species in the genera Delastria, Phaeangium, Terfezia, and Tirmania are discussed.

conservation of fungi, desert truffles, Helianthemum spp., Terfezia spp., Tirmania spp.
Contribution to the study of hypogeous fungi of Castellón, Spain. III
Miguel Torrejón
Mycologia Balcanica 6: 61–65 (2009)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548855
Published online: 28 August 2009
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Fourteen species of hypogeous fungi have been collected and studied in the province of Castellón in Spain. Significant diagnostic characters are given for some of them. Several species that belong to the Basidiomycota are of special interest: Alpova microsporus, Hymenogastser bulliardii, H. hessei, H. luteus, H. lycoperdineus, H. muticus, H. niveus and Protoglossum aromaticum (= Hymenogaster remyi).

Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, hypogeous fungi, Spain
Contribution to the study of fungi associated with Cistus ladanifer in the north-east of Portugal
Miguel Torrejón
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 109–114 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548613
Published online: 23 December 2008
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This work deals with 25 species and 4 varieties of fungi; which were collected in the north-east of Portugal. All of them were associated with Cistus ladanifer except Terfezia olbiensis, which was associated with Cistus ladanifer × Cistus salviifolius. Significant diagnostic characters are given for some of the collected specimens. Several species are of special interest: Amanita muscaria var. inzengae, Cortinarius asiduus var. plesiocistus, Cortinarius cystidifer and Terfezia olbiensis.

Cistus ladanifer, fungi, Portugal, taxonomy
The effects of some environmental parameters on mycelial growth of two ectomycorrhizal fungi, Tricholoma caligatum and Morchella angusticeps
Erbil Kalmış & Fatih Kalyoncu
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 115–118 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548617
Published online: 23 December 2008
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A comparative evaluation was conducted to assess the effects of some environmental parameters such as pH, type of carbon source and temperature on the mycelial growth of two species of ectomycorrhizal fungi, Tricholoma caligatum and Morchella angusticeps. All carbon sources were found to be equally beneficial for mycelial growth. However fructose and sucrose were better sources of nitrogen. Maximum mycelial growth in Petri dishes was achieved at 25 °C after 8 and 20 days for T. caligatum and M. angusticeps respectively. Growth was reduced significantly below 15 °C and above 35 °C. Different pH levels (4.5 to 8.0) markedly affected the mycelial growth of the fungi.

ectomycorrhiza, Morchella angusticeps, mycelial growth, Tricholoma caligatum
The hypogeous fungi from Sicily (southern Italy): new additions
Alessandro Saitta, Maria L. Gargano, Marco Morara, Mirko Ilice & Giuseppe Venturella
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 147–152 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548806
Published online: 23 December 2008
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The distribution and ecology of forty hypogeous fungi from Sicily (southern Italy) is here pointed out. Hysterangium stoloniferum, Protoglossum aromaticum, Sclerogaster compactus and Tuber maculatum are reported as new records from Sicily. Gymnomyces xanthosporus and Melanogaster umbrinigleba are also new for Italy.

distribution, ecology, hypogeous fungi, Sicily
Peziza proteana f. sparassoides – a rare taxon for Asian mycobiota from Israel
Gayane S. Barseghyan & Solomon P. Wasser
Mycologia Balcanica 4: 161–164 (2007)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548329
Published online: 27 November 2007
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The “cabbage-head fungus”, Peziza proteana f. sparassoides, is a rare species and yet has been found in northern Israel. Morphological and habitat descriptions, general distribution, illustrations, and taxonomic discussion of P. proteana f. sparassoides are presented in this paper.

"cabbage-head fungus", Israel, Peziza proteana f. sparassoides
The current state of knowledge of fungal diversity in Sicily
Giuseppe Venturella & Alessandro Saitta
Mycologia Balcanica 2: 193–196 (2005)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2547111
Published online: 11 November 2005
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Current knowledge of fungal diversity in Sicily is reported based on historical data and recently field records. A preliminary list of rare and infrequent fungal species is also provided.

Mediterranean, fungal diversity, Sicily
Habitats of Tuber melanosporum in the central Iberian Peninsula (High Tajo Basin)
Luis G. García-Montero, Gabriella D. Masimo, Cristina Pascual, Miguel A. Casermeiro & José L. Manjón
Mycologia Balcanica 2: 197–203 (2005)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2547113
Published online: 11 November 2005
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In some European countries, highly prized truffles of the genus Tuber generate more economic benefits than any other woodland product. In this preliminary study of the ecology and truffle producing capacity of Tuber melanosporum in the central region of the Iberian Peninsula, we examined 433 sites producing this truffle in 8 types of high forest habitats associated with Quercus faginea, Q. ilex subsp. ballota, Corylus avellana, Cistus laurifolius, and Tilia platyphyllos. The production of this truffle in these natural, un-managed stands was confirmed in interviews conducted with 14 truffle-gatherers from the Alto Tajo Basin.

Tuber melanosporum, truffle, production
State of the art in truffle knowledge and cultivation in Italy
Mattia Bencivenga
Mycologia Balcanica 2: 205–207 (2005)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2547119
Published online: 11 November 2005
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The presence of truffles in Sicily and perspectives for their cultivation on the island are assessed, with a brief analysis of basic and applied research on truffles and truffle cultivation in Italy, focusing on successful production and on reasons for failure in some artificial truffle-beds. Truffle cultivation has progressed in recent decades and there is now sufficient know-how for creation of productive truffle plantations. Further research is needed on host plant growing techniques.

cultivated truffle-bed, Italy, truffles, Tuber
The soils of natural environments for growth of truffles in Italy
Marcello Raglione & Malgorzata Owczarek
Mycologia Balcanica 2: 209–216 (2005)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2547123
Published online: 11 November 2005
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Results from all studies on soils where the main edible truffles occur naturally are assessed. For Tuber melanosporum soils, the main physical and chemical characteristics have been established in the field and in the laboratory. They are always well-aired and have an optimal particle aggregation, good water-drainage, the constant presence of a limestone skeleton, parent material composed of limestone detritus or intensely fractured limestone rocks. Their pHH2O, pHKCl, organic carbon, and EDTA extractable Mn are fundamental parameters to define the suitability of a soil for this species. For T. magnatum, research to date has not been able to determine the main pedological parameters, but has managed to characterize parent material and geomorphological dynamics which lead to the formation of soils suitable for this truffle. Those soils are well-drained and show a great number of pores, with a bulk density always around 1 and constant humidity. For T. aestivum, research has been inconclusive because results have been so variable. That variability can be correlated with a strong genetic variability in this species which, in its several forms, has adapted itself to many soil environments. Not much is known about soil characteristics for T. brumale, except that it prefers soils much more humid than those of other truffles; water stagnation is frequent and EDTA extractable Mn is always much higher. Nearly nothing is known about T. borchii.

Italy, soil characteristics, truffle natural environment of growth, Tuber
A project to develop truffle-growing in Sicily
Dario Cartabellotta, Giuseppe Spartà, Giuseppe Giarrizzo, Alessandro Lazara & Carlo Scibetta
Mycologia Balcanica 2: 217–220 (2005)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2547134
Published online: 11 November 2005
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A project investigating natural truffle-beds in Sicily is presented here, with preliminary data on recorded species and ecological features.

agricultural and forestry administration, Sicily, truffles
New data for Pezizales in Bulgaria
Evtimia Dimitrova & Boris Assyov
Mycologia Balcanica 1: 1–3 (2004)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2545143
Published online: 09 February 2004
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Three species of operculate discomycetes that are new to Bulgaria and three that are rare are reported and illustrated: Otidea propinquata, Peziza depressa, Pseudoplectania sphagnophila, Helvella ephippium, Octospora humosa, and Trichophaea hybrida. New localities of 10 other species are also given.
ascomycetes, discomycetes, fungi of Bulgaria, Pezizales