Articles by Taxonomic Group

Additional finds of Anthracoidea melanostachyae (Anthracoideaceae)

Teodor T. Denchev, Cvetomir M. Denchev, Igor V. Karatygin & Ernst Vitek
MYCOBIOTA 6: 39–45 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.12664/mycobiota.2016.06.04
Published online: 23 May 2016
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Anthracoidea melanostachyae, previously known from Iran and Tajikistan on Carex melanostachya, is reported from Armenia and Azerbaijan on the same host plant, and from a new Tajik locality, on a new host plant, C. songorica.

Anthracoidea melanostachyae, Anthracoideaceae, Armenia, Asia, Azerbaijan, Carex melanostachya, Carex songorica, Cyperaceae, Iran, smut fungi, Tajikistan, taxonomy

A new record of Leucocintractia scleriae (Anthracoideaceae) from Japan

Teodor T. Denchev, Tomomi Masaki & Cvetomir M. Denchev
MYCOBIOTA 5: 21–25 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.12664/mycobiota.2015.05.04
Published online: 27 September 2015
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Leucocintractia scleriae is reported for the first time from Japan.

Anthracoideaceae, Asia, Cyperaceae, Japan, Leucocintractia, Rhynchospora corymbosa, smut fungi, taxonomy, Ustilaginales

Contribution to the smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes) of Togo and Benin

Teodor T. Denchev, Harrie J.M. Sipman & Cvetomir M. Denchev
MYCOBIOTA 4: 25–32 (2014)
doi: https://doi.org/10.12664/mycobiota.2014.04.02
Published online: 31 December 2014
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Sporisorium nyassae is reported for the first time from Togo and Benin. Hyparrhenia nyassae and H. diplandra var. mutica are recorded as new host plants of Sporisorium nyassae. Based on the current revision, Sporisorium barcinonense is removed from the list of smut fungi in Togo. Cintractia limitata is reported for the first time from Benin. All species of smut fungi known from Togo and Benin and their host plants are listed.

Benin,Cintractia,Cyperus,Hyparrhenia,smut fungi,Sporisorium,taxonomy,Togo

The genus Anthracoidea (Anthracoideaceae) in Japan and some adjacent regions

Teodor T. Denchev, Cvetomir M. Denchev, Muneo Michikawa & Makoto Kakishima
MYCOBIOTA 2: 1–125 (2013)
doi: https://doi.org/10.12664/mycobiota.2013.02.01
Published online: 23 July 2013
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This study endeavors to clarify the taxonomy of Anthracoidea species occurring in East Asia. Being a cosmopolitan genus, more widely distributed in temperate and subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, Anthracoidea is insufficiently studied in East Asia, particularly in Japan and Korea. A comprehensive account of the species composition and distribution of the Anthracoidea species in Japan is presented herein. Further, information about the Anthracoidea species in the Kuriles, Sakhalin, and Korean Peninsula is also provided. Three new smut fungi are described and illustrated as follows: Anthracoidea caricis-grallatoriae on Carex grallatoria from Japan, Anthracoidea lanceolatae on Carex lanceolata from South Korea, and Anthracoidea pseudomichelii on Carex michelii from Central Europe. For Cintractia japonica on ‘Carex capillacea’, a new combination, Anthracoidea japonica, is proposed. Anthracoidea grallatoriae Vánky is a superfluous name and a synonym of A. japonica. The existence of the type specimen of Cintractia subglobosa S. Ito makes the lectotypification of C. subglobosa redundant. Similarly, a lectotype of Cintractia variabilis S. Ito is also made redundant. Based on a comparative morphological investigation, 20 Anthracoidea species were established in Japan, all of them on host plants of Carex. In addition to Anthracoidea caricis-grallatoriae, six other species, A. capillaris, A. humilis, A. irregularis, A. karii, A. michelii, and A. sempervirentis, are reported for the first time from Japan. Eight plant species are reported as new hosts of Anthracoidea species in Japan: Carex gmelinii with Anthracoidea buxbaumii; Carex foliosissima, C. mitrata, C. morrowii, C. nervata, and C. subebracteata with Anthracoidea caryophylleae; Carex fernaldiana and C. tenuinervis with Anthracoidea microsora. Ten fungus-host combinations, Anthracoidea capillaris on Carex tenuiformis, A. caryophylleae on Carex leucochlora, A. caryophylleae on Carex mitrata, A. caryophylleae on Carex foliosissima, A. caryophylleae on Carex morrowii, A. humilis on Carex lanceolata, A. karii on Carex omiana var. monticola, A. microsora on Carex fernaldiana, A. microsora on Carex tenuinervis, and A. sempervirentis on Carex makinoensis, are new for science. Additional distribution records are given for some Anthracoidea species hitherto known from Japan. The genus Anthracoidea is recorded for the first time from the Korean Peninsula, with three species from South Korea: A. caryophylleae on Carex leucochlora, A. lanceolatae on Carex lanceolata, and A. siderostictae on Carex siderosticta. Two species, Anthracoidea caryophylleae and A. variabilis, are reported for the first time from the Kuriles. Anthracoidea variabilis is a new species for Russia. Three species, Anthracoidea globularis, A. heterospora, and A. paniceae, are reported for the first time from Sakhalin. The study further found that four fungus-host combinations had been wrongly recorded in the literature, specifically, Carex cespitosa is not a host of Anthracoidea variabilis; Carex foliosissima and C. conica are not hosts of Anthracoidea microsora; and Carex tarumensis is not a host of Anthracoidea buxbaumii.

Anthracoidea,Anthracoideaceae,Carex,Japan,Korea,Kuriles,Sakhalin,smut fungi
Seven new species of smut fungi (Ustilaginomycotina)
Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 97–104 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550638
Published online: 13 December 2011
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Seven new species, Anthracoidea breweri on Carex breweri and C. subnigricans from USA, Anthracoidea griseae on Carex grisea from USA, Farysia echinulata on Carex fischeri from Kenya, Tilletia avenastri on Avenastrum turgidulum from Lesotho, Urocystis anemonae-narcissiflorae on Anemone narcissiflora from Canada, Ustanciosporium venezuelanum on Rhynchospora sp. from Venezuela, and Ustilago buchloëformis on Bouteloua repens from Mexico are described and illustrated.

Anemone, Anthracoidea, Avenastrum, Bouteloua, Carex, Farysia echinulata, Rhynchospora, smut fungi, Tilletia avenastri, Urocystis anemonae-narcissiflorae, Ustanciosporium venezuelanum, Ustilago buchloëformis
Two new species of Moreaua (Ustilaginomycetes), on Actinoschoenus and Chrysitrix, from Western Australia
Roger G. Shivas, Matthew D. Barrett, Russell L. Barrett & Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 137–140 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550688
Published online: 13 December 2011
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Two new species of Moreaua are described from endemic species of Cyperaceae (sedges) in Western Australia. Moreaua actinoschoeni occurs on Actinoschoenus sp. in the far north, and M. chrysitricis occurs on Chrysitrix distigmatosa in the mid west. These are the first smut fungi to be found on these two genera of sedges. Moreaua chrysitricis is the third smut fungus to have been found on a sedge in the subfamily Mapanioideae.

Actinoschoenus, Chrysitrix, Cyperoideae, Moreaua, new species, smut fungi, taxonomy
Anthracoidea melanostachyae, sp. nov. (Anthracoideaceae)
Cvetomir M. Denchev & Teodor T. Denchev
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 153–155 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550701
Published online: 13 December 2011
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Anthracoidea melanostachyae on Carex melanostachya from Iran is described and illustrated.

Anthracoidea, Carex melanostachya, Iran, smut fungi, taxonomy
Anthracoidea eburneae, sp. nov. (Anthracoideaceae)
Cvetomir M. Denchev & T. Denchev, Teodor
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 83–85 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550360
Published online: 07 June 2011
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Anthracoidea eburneae on Carex eburnea from Canada is described and illustrated.

Anthracoidea, Anthracoidea eburneae, Canada, Carex eburnea, smut fungi, taxonomy
The smut fungi (Ustilaginomycotina) of Rhynchospora (Cyperaceae)
Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 7: 93–104 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550302
Published online: 14 January 2011
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The smut fungi of Rhynchospora are revised. Twenty-eight species in seven genera are recognised and presented. Keys to the genera and species are given.

Cintractia, Kuntzeomyces, Leucocintractia, Moreaua, Rhynchospora, smut fungi, Testicularia, Trichocintractia, Ustanciosporium
Two new species of Anthracoidea (Ustilaginales) on Carex from North America
Kálmán Vánky & Vanamo Salo
Mycologia Balcanica 7: 105–109 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550310
Published online: 14 January 2011
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After a short revision of the genus Anthracoidea, two new species, A. multicaulis on C. geyeri and C. multicaulis, and A. praegracilis on C. praegracilis are described and illustrated.

Anthracoidea, Anthracoidea multicaulis, Anthracoidea praegracilis, Carex, North America, smut fungi, Ustilaginales
Estimating the threat status of smut fungi
Cvetomir M. Denchev
Mycologia Balcanica 7: 9–15 (2010)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550124
Published online: 03 November 2010
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Conservation of fungal diversity needs to be integrated. Smut fungi are potentially a key group for illustrating the problems encountered when estimating the conservation status of microscopic fungi. Various difficulties in assessing the status of smut fungi are described. Examples are provided of threatened species of smut fungi, evaluated with IUCN criteria.

conservation of fungi, fungal diversity, smut fungi
Additions to the smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes) of Bolivia
Kálmán Vánky, Roger G. Shivas, Alistair R. McTaggart, Christine Vánky & Wilma A. Arce
Mycologia Balcanica 6: 99–105 (2009)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2549950
Published online: 30 December 2009
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In addition to the 46 known smut fungi of Bolivia, a further 16 species are reported as new to Bolivia, three of which are new to science, viz. Moreaua scirpi, Sporisorium christineae and Tilletia spinulosa. New host plants are given for four smut fungi.

Bolivia, new host plants, new smut fungi
Keys to smut fungi of selected host plant families and genera
Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 6: 1–36 (2009)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548832
Published online: 28 August 2009
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Identification keys to smut fungi (Ustilaginomycotina p.p. and Microbotryales) of 14 selected host plant families and 51 keys to 92 selected host plant genera are presented to facilitate world-wide identification of these plant parasitic microfungi.

identification keys, Microbotryales, smut fungi, Ustilaginomycotina
New records of smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes) from Thailand, including two new species, Sporisorium likhitekarajae and Tilletia isachneicola
Roger G. Shivas, Pornpimon Athipunyakom & Alistair R. McTaggart
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 103–107 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548606
Published online: 23 December 2008
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Several species of smut fungi not previously recorded in Thailand were collected in December 2007. Amongst these were two new species, Sporisorium likhitekarajae on Ischaemum sp. and Tilletia isachneicola on Isachne globosa, which are described and compared with related species.

new species, smut fungi, Sporisorium likhitekarajae, Tilletia isachneicola, Ustilaginomycetes
Stegocintractia capitata sp. nov. (Ustilaginomycetes) from Germany
Kálmán Vánky, Horst Jage, Ute Schlüter & Heinz Sluschny
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 79–81 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548516
Published online: 30 May 2008
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After a short revision of the genus Stegocintractia, a new species, S. capitata on Juncus capitatus is described and illustrated. A key to the six known species of Stegocintractia is presented.

Juncaceae, new species, smut fungi, Stegocintractia, Stegocintractia capitata, taxonomy
Farysia unciniae sp. nov. (Ustilaginomycetes) on Uncinia (Cyperaceae) from Chile
Kálmán Vánky & Dominik Begerow
Mycologia Balcanica 4: 79–81 (2007)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2547953
Published online: 20 June 2007
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The first Farysia which is not on a Carex, F. unciniae is described on Uncinia multifaria from Chile.

Farysia unciniae, new species, smut fungi, Uncinia
Pilocintractia gen. nov. (Ustilaginomycetes)
Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 1: 169–174 (2004)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2546756
Published online: 30 November 2004
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Based on molecular sequence data and morphological characters of the sori a new genus, Pilocintractia, is described for Cintractia fimbristylidicola. The importance of sterile fungal filaments between mature spores for the classification of smut fungi is discussed. Presence of gelatinised fungal filaments between spores is a useful tool for separating Pilocintractia from other genera of the Cintractia sensu lato group.

Cintractia s. lat., Cyperaceae, Fimbristylis, Pilocintractia, smut fungi, taxonomy