Articles by Taxonomic Group

Contribution to the smut fungi of Africa. 2. A second locality of Anthracocystis compacta

Teodor T. Denchev & Cvetomir M. Denchev
MYCOBIOTA 7: 13–18 (2017)
doi: https://doi.org/10.12664/mycobiota.2017.07.03
Published online: 28 April 2017
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Anthracocystis compacta, known only from the type collection from Senegal, is reported from a second locality, from Mali.

Africa, Anthracocystis compacta, Cymbopogon giganteus, Mali, Senegal, smut fungi, taxonomy, Ustilaginales

Contribution to the smut fungi of Africa. 1

Teodor T. Denchev & Cvetomir M. Denchev
MYCOBIOTA 6: 21–27 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.12664/mycobiota.2016.06.02
Published online: 06 March 2016
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Four species of smut fungi are reported for the first time from the following areas: Melanopsichium pennsylvanicum from Egypt and Madagascar, Sporisorium foveolati from the Canary Islands and Somalia, Sporisorium lanigeri from Somalia, on a new host, Cymbopogon pospischilii, and Urocystis corsica from the Canary Islands. Echinochloa stagnina is a new host of Ustilago trichophora in Africa (based on a record from Zambia).

Africa,Canary Islands,Egypt,Madagascar,Melanopsichium,Poaceae,smut fungi,Somalia,Sporisorium,taxonom

First record of Langdonia aristidae (Ustilaginales) from Madagascar

Teodor T. Denchev, Maria S. Vorontsova & Cvetomir M. Denchev
MYCOBIOTA 5: 15–20 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.12664/mycobiota.2015.05.03
Published online: 30 June 2015
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Langdonia aristidae is reported for the first time from Madagascar, on a new host plant, Aristida tenuissima.

Africa, Aristida, Langdonia aristidae, Madagascar, smut fungi, Sporisorium,taxonomy, Ustilaginales

Contribution to the smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes) of Togo and Benin

Teodor T. Denchev, Harrie J.M. Sipman & Cvetomir M. Denchev
MYCOBIOTA 4: 25–32 (2014)
doi: https://doi.org/10.12664/mycobiota.2014.04.02
Published online: 31 December 2014
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Sporisorium nyassae is reported for the first time from Togo and Benin. Hyparrhenia nyassae and H. diplandra var. mutica are recorded as new host plants of Sporisorium nyassae. Based on the current revision, Sporisorium barcinonense is removed from the list of smut fungi in Togo. Cintractia limitata is reported for the first time from Benin. All species of smut fungi known from Togo and Benin and their host plants are listed.

Benin,Cintractia,Cyperus,Hyparrhenia,smut fungi,Sporisorium,taxonomy,Togo

Aizoago, a new genus, and two new species of smut fungi (Ustilaginales) on Tetragonia(Aizoaceae) in Australia

Kálmán Vánky & Roger G. Shivas
MYCOBIOTA 1: 1–7 (2013)
doi: https://doi.org/10.12664/mycobiota.2013.01.01
Published online: 11 January 2013
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A new genus of smut fungi, Aizoago, is described and illustrated, with two new species, A. tetragoniae on Tetragonia diptera and A. tetragonioides on T. tetragonioides (Aizoaceae), from Australia.

Aizoaceae,Aizoago tetragoniae,Aizoago tetragonioides,Australian biodiversity,taxonomy,Tetragonia,smut fungi

Emended description of Anomalomyces (Ustilaginales), including Anomalomyces yakirrae sp. nov. on Yakirra pauciflora (Poaceae) from Australia

Roger G. Shivas, Matthias Lutz, Alistair R. McTaggart & Kálmán Vánky
MYCOBIOTA 1: 17–24 (2013)
doi: https://doi.org/10.12664/mycobiota.2013.01.03
Published online: 11 January 2013
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An emended description of the genus Anomalomyces is given to accommodate a new species of smut fungus, Anomalomyces yakirrae, on Yakirra pauciflora (Poaceae) from Australia. The systematic placement of the fungus within the genus Anomalomyces is based on morphological characters and molecular data from two loci.

Anomalomyces panici,Basidiomycota,molecular phylogenetics,plant pathogens,smut fungi,taxonomy

Sporisorium emariae sp. nov. (Ustilaginomycetes) on Sclerachne punctata (Poaceae)

Kálmán Vánky
MYCOBIOTA 1: 57–61 (2013)
doi: https://doi.org/10.12664/mycobiota.2013.01.06
Published online: 11 January 2013
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A new species of Sporisorium, S. emariae on Sclerachne punctata (Poaceae), is described and illustrated from Transcaucasia, Republic of Georgia.

Chionachninae,smut fungi,Sporisorium emariae,taxonomy

Erratomycetaceae, fam. nov., and validation of some names of smut fungi recently described from India

Cvetomir M. Denchev & Teodor T. Denchev
MYCOBIOTA 1: 63–70 (2013)
doi: https://doi.org/10.12664/mycobiota.2013.01.07
Published online: 11 January 2013
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A new family, Erratomycetaceae, is described as distinct from Tilletiaceae based on host specialization, morphological features of the sori and spores, and results of published molecular phylogenetic analyses. Eight invalidly published names of Indian smut fungi are discussed. Four of these are considered to apply to distinct species and their names are validated as Eballistra punensis, Anthracocystis kolhapurensis, Sporisorium mahabaleshwarense, and Sporisorium lohagadense. The remaining names are recognized as synonyms of validly published names. A new name, Anthracocystis guoae, is proposed to replace Sporisorium apludae-muticae L. Guo (non Anthracocystis apludae-muticae (A.R. Patil et al.) McTaggart & R.G. Shivas).

Eballistra,Erratomyces,Erratomycetaceae,India,Melanotaenium,smut fungi,Sporisorium,Tilletia
Seven new species of smut fungi (Ustilaginomycotina)
Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 97–104 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550638
Published online: 13 December 2011
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Seven new species, Anthracoidea breweri on Carex breweri and C. subnigricans from USA, Anthracoidea griseae on Carex grisea from USA, Farysia echinulata on Carex fischeri from Kenya, Tilletia avenastri on Avenastrum turgidulum from Lesotho, Urocystis anemonae-narcissiflorae on Anemone narcissiflora from Canada, Ustanciosporium venezuelanum on Rhynchospora sp. from Venezuela, and Ustilago buchloëformis on Bouteloua repens from Mexico are described and illustrated.

Anemone, Anthracoidea, Avenastrum, Bouteloua, Carex, Farysia echinulata, Rhynchospora, smut fungi, Tilletia avenastri, Urocystis anemonae-narcissiflorae, Ustanciosporium venezuelanum, Ustilago buchloëformis
Tubisorus, a new genus of smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes) for Sorosporium pachycarpum
Kálmán Vánky & Matthias Lutz
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 129–135 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550675
Published online: 13 December 2011
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A new genus of smut fungi, Tubisorus, is proposed for Sorosporium pachycarpum on Mnesithea rottboellioides, Poaceae.

molecular analysis, new combination, new genus, smut fungi, taxonomy, Tubisorus, Tubisorus pachycarpus
Two new species of Moreaua (Ustilaginomycetes), on Actinoschoenus and Chrysitrix, from Western Australia
Roger G. Shivas, Matthew D. Barrett, Russell L. Barrett & Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 137–140 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550688
Published online: 13 December 2011
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Two new species of Moreaua are described from endemic species of Cyperaceae (sedges) in Western Australia. Moreaua actinoschoeni occurs on Actinoschoenus sp. in the far north, and M. chrysitricis occurs on Chrysitrix distigmatosa in the mid west. These are the first smut fungi to be found on these two genera of sedges. Moreaua chrysitricis is the third smut fungus to have been found on a sedge in the subfamily Mapanioideae.

Actinoschoenus, Chrysitrix, Cyperoideae, Moreaua, new species, smut fungi, taxonomy
Bambusiomyces, a new genus of smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes)
Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 141–145 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550692
Published online: 13 December 2011
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A new genus of smut fungi, Bambusiomyces is proposed for Ustilago shiraiana on host plants in the tribe Bambuseae of Poaceae.

Bambusiomyces, Bambusiomyces shiraianus, new combination, new genus, smut fungi, taxonomy
Anthracoidea melanostachyae, sp. nov. (Anthracoideaceae)
Cvetomir M. Denchev & Teodor T. Denchev
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 153–155 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550701
Published online: 13 December 2011
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Anthracoidea melanostachyae on Carex melanostachya from Iran is described and illustrated.

Anthracoidea, Carex melanostachya, Iran, smut fungi, taxonomy
Smut fungi in Africa – a checklist
Kálmán Vánky, Christine Vánky & Cvetomir M. Denchev
Mycologia Balcanica 8: 1–77 (2011)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550336
Published online: 07 June 2011
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The checklist of the smut fungi of Africa and adjacent islands contains 427 species in 47 genera, arranged alphabetically. A short description of each genus is provided. For each species the author(s), place of publication, type(s), nomenclatural and taxonomic synonyms are given, as well as the host plant family, host plant genus (genera), and general distribution are mentioned. For each species the African host plants and the countries from where they are known are enumerated. A chapter of doubtful, excluded or invalidly published taxa is compiled. A list of selected literature is completing the paper. The checklist reflects the great, but incompletely known biodiversity of Africa.

Africa, biodiversity, smut fungi, taxonomy
Estimating the threat status of smut fungi
Cvetomir M. Denchev
Mycologia Balcanica 7: 9–15 (2010)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550124
Published online: 03 November 2010
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Conservation of fungal diversity needs to be integrated. Smut fungi are potentially a key group for illustrating the problems encountered when estimating the conservation status of microscopic fungi. Various difficulties in assessing the status of smut fungi are described. Examples are provided of threatened species of smut fungi, evaluated with IUCN criteria.

conservation of fungi, fungal diversity, smut fungi
Additions to the smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes) of Bolivia
Kálmán Vánky, Roger G. Shivas, Alistair R. McTaggart, Christine Vánky & Wilma A. Arce
Mycologia Balcanica 6: 99–105 (2009)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2549950
Published online: 30 December 2009
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In addition to the 46 known smut fungi of Bolivia, a further 16 species are reported as new to Bolivia, three of which are new to science, viz. Moreaua scirpi, Sporisorium christineae and Tilletia spinulosa. New host plants are given for four smut fungi.

Bolivia, new host plants, new smut fungi
Keys to smut fungi of selected host plant families and genera
Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 6: 1–36 (2009)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548832
Published online: 28 August 2009
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Identification keys to smut fungi (Ustilaginomycotina p.p. and Microbotryales) of 14 selected host plant families and 51 keys to 92 selected host plant genera are presented to facilitate world-wide identification of these plant parasitic microfungi.

identification keys, Microbotryales, smut fungi, Ustilaginomycotina
New records of smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes) from Thailand, including two new species, Sporisorium likhitekarajae and Tilletia isachneicola
Roger G. Shivas, Pornpimon Athipunyakom & Alistair R. McTaggart
Mycologia Balcanica 5: 103–107 (2008)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548606
Published online: 23 December 2008
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Several species of smut fungi not previously recorded in Thailand were collected in December 2007. Amongst these were two new species, Sporisorium likhitekarajae on Ischaemum sp. and Tilletia isachneicola on Isachne globosa, which are described and compared with related species.

new species, smut fungi, Sporisorium likhitekarajae, Tilletia isachneicola, Ustilaginomycetes
Macalpinomyces viridans sp. nov. (Ustilaginomycotina) on Sporobolus (Poaceae) from Australia
Roger G. Shivas, Alistair R. McTaggart & Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 4: 147–149 (2007)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2548287
Published online: 27 November 2007
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A new smut fungus, Macalpinomyces viridans on Sporobolus actinocladus is described from Australia. It is compared with related species, and a key to the four Macalpinomyces species known on Sporobolus is given.

Macalpinomyces viridans, new species, smut fungi, Sporobolus, Ustilaginomycotina
Centrolepidosporium sclerodermum, gen. et sp. nov. (Ustilaginomycetes) from Australia
Roger G. Shivas & Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 4: 1-4 (2007)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2477879
Published online: 20 June 2007
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A new genus, Centrolepidosporium, is proposed to accommodate a new smut fungus, C. sclerodermum, collected in Australia on Centrolepis exserta. The new species is unique in that it produces tightly packed spores in spore balls surrounded by a cortex of sterile cells. This is the first report of a smut fungus on the plant family Centrolepidaceae.

new species,, smut fungi, Sporisorium, Tilletia, Tranzscheliella, Urocystis, Ustilaginomycetes
Four new species of smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes) from Australia
Roger G. Shivas & Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 4: 5–10 (2007)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2547695
Published online: 20 June 2007
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Four new smut fungi are described from Australia, Sporisorium incompletum on Cynodon incompletus, Tilletia lachnagrostidis on Lachnagrostis filiformis, Tranzscheliella austrostipae on Austrostipa verticillata, and Urocystis glabella on Hypoxis glabella.

new species, smut fungi, Sporisorium, Tilletia, Tranzscheliella, Urocystis, Ustilaginomycetes
New smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes) from Thailand
Kálmán Vánky, Roger G. Shivas & Pornpimon Athipunyakom
Mycologia Balcanica 3: 107–118 (2006)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2547555
Published online: 28 December 2006
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Eight new smut fungi, collected in Thailand, are described: Macalpinomyces siamensis on Coelorachis striata, Sporisorium clandestinum on Aristida setacea, S. pseudosorghi on Pseudosorghum fasciculare, S. trispicatae on Eulalia trispicata, Tilletia chiangmaiensis on Arundinella bengalensis, T. filisora on Pennisetum setosum, T. lageniformis on Hyparrhenia rufa, and Yelsemia droserae on Drosera burmanni and on D. indica (from Australia).

Macalpinomyces, new species, smut fungi, Sporisorium, Thailand, Tilletia, Ustilaginomycetes, Yelsemia
Anomalomyces panici, new genus and species of Ustilaginomycetes from Australia
Kálmán Vánky, Matthias Lutz & Roger G. Shivas
Mycologia Balcanica 3: 119–126 (2006)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2547559
Published online: 28 December 2006
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A new genus, Anomalomyces, is proposed to accommodate a peculiar, new smut fungus, A. panici, collected in Australia, on Panicum trachyrhachis. The new species shares some characteristics of both Sporisorium and Macalpinomyces, but is also unique in possessing two types of sterile cells. Anomalomyces is compared morphologically to the genera Ustilago, Sporisorium, and Macalpinomyces. Its relation to these genera is shown also by molecular analyses of ITS and LSU rDNA sequences. The problems of generic delimitation in this large group of smut fungi are discussed.

Anomalomyces, Anomalomyces panici, Macalpinomyces, molecular analysis, smut fungi, Sporisorium, Ustilago
Two new smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes) on Pennisetum (Poaceae) from Ethiopia
Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 2: 91–94 (2005)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2546876
Published online: 30 June 2005
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Two new species of smut fungi, Macalpinomyces tilletioides and Sporisorium penniseticola, are described and illustrated, both on Pennisetum sphacelatum from Ethiopia.

Ethiopia, Macalpinomyces tilletioides, new species, Pennisetum, smut fungi, Sporisorium penniseticola, taxonomy
Lundquistia is a synonym of Sporisorium (Ustilaginomycetes)
James H. Cunnington, Kálmán Vánky & Roger G. Shivas
Mycologia Balcanica 2: 95–99 (2005)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2546880
Published online: 30 June 2005
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Phylogenetic analysis of four species of Lundquistia revealed the genus to be polyphyletic. Morphological characters and phylogenetic relationships demonstrate that Lundquistia should be reduced to synonymy with Sporisorium. Three new combinations are proposed: Sporisorium dietelianum, S. duranii, and S. mexicanum. Sporisorium fasicularis is considered a synonym of S. panici-leucophaei.

Lundquistia, molecular biology, smut fungi, Sporisorium, taxonomy
Macalpinomyces arundinellae-setosae sp. nov. (Ustilaginomycetes) from Australia
Roger G. Shivas & Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 2: 101–103 (2005)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2546886
Published online: 30 June 2005
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A new smut fungus, Macalpinomyces arundinellae-setosae, is described on the grass Arundinella setosa from Queensland, Australia. It is compared with the eight known smut fungi on Arundinella and a key for identifying these species is given.

Macalpinomyces arundinellae-setosae, new species, smut fungi, taxonomy
The smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes) of Eriocaulaceae. I. Eriomoeszia gen. nov.
Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 2: 105–111 (2005)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2546889
Published online: 30 June 2005
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A new genus, Eriomoeszia, is described for Tolyposporium eriocauli (Moesziomyces eriocauli) on Eriocaulon. It is compared with Moesziomyces bullatus, the type species of the genus Moesziomyces, found on Echinochloa and other grass genera.

Eriocaulon, Eriomoeszia, Moesziomyces bullatus, new genus, smut fungi, Ustilaginomycetes
The smut fungi (Ustilaginomycetes) of Eriocaulaceae. II. Eriocaulago and Eriosporium new genera
Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 2: 113–118 (2005)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2546893
Published online: 30 June 2005
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Two new genera, Eriocaulago and Eriosporium are described. The following new combinations are proposed: Eriocaulago eriocauli, Eriocaulago jagdishwari, Eriosporium hessii, and Eriosporium mesanthemi. Lectotype is designated for Eriosporium mesanthemi.

Eriocaulago, Eriocaulon, Eriosporium, new genera, new combinations, smut fungi, Ustilaginomycetes
Sporisorium cymbopogonis-bombycini sp. nov. (Ustilaginomycetes) from Australia
Roger G. Shivas & Kálmán Vánky
Mycologia Balcanica 1: 163–167 (2004)
doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2546752
Published online: 30 November 2004
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A new smut fungus, Sporisorium cymbopogonis-bombycini, is described on the grass Cymbopogon bombycinus from Australia. The fourteen known smut fungi, all Sporisorium species, on Cymbopogon are enumerated with their taxonomic synonyms, host plant range and distribution. A key for identifying and differentiating these fungi, and a host plant – smut fungus list are given.

Australia, Cymbopogon, smut fungi, Sporisorium cymbopogonis-bombycini, taxonomy, Ustilaginomycetes